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July 2019

Climate change and human health

July 2019: A large-scale first of its kind study outlines cross-European risks and connections between climate change and public health risks, promoting an increased policy focus on health risks and challenges of accessing health care facilities at the European level.

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Challenges of commercial sand extraction

July 2019: New evidence shows that rapid urbanisation is causing more sand to be extracted from rivers and beaches than can be replaced naturally. However, the informal industry is unregulated with only limited monitoring capacity of extraction methods or source origins.

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Blooming seaweed

July 2019: Analysis of the Great Atlantic Sargassum Belt establishes a direct relation between the blooming seaweed and higher nutrient levels in the ocean. The ocean’s chemistry changes following higher nutrient discharge from the Amazon river in response to increased deforestation and fertiliser use since 2010.

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Renewable energy drives energy poverty

July 2019: New evidence argues that current policies such as taxes or subsidies to incentivise a shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy consumption may indirectly drive energy poverty and social exclusion, since low-income households are unable to afford increased utility prices.

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Conservation burials in Britain

July 2019: Population growth and rapid urbanisation means that demand for burial spaces that will exceed graveyard capacity within the next five years. A new suggestion is to re-purpose Britain’s infrastructure to create green burial corridors by allowing ‘conservation burials’ alongside roads, railways and footpaths.

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Sheath-run artificial muscles

July 2019: New evidence in the field of artificial muscles for use in robots, amongst others, proposes that twisting materials such as nylon into coils, coating it in polymer, and heating or cooling it to the effect of contracting or actuating, creates a new and cheaper form of “smart material” that may have the potential to replace pneumatic cylinders and electric motors.

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Water scarcity in India

July 2019: Water scarcity is a global challenge requiring local solutions. New evidence supports a shift towards localised small scale programmes to combat water scarcity and argues against large-scale infrastructure projects to address the water crisis in countries such as in India.

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Reforesting as climate change mitigation

July 2019: A recent report highlights that planting 1 trillion trees on 0.9 billion-hectare land could substantially increase carbon capture. In comparison to other mitigation strategies, reforesting programmes are the cheapest and most efficient approach.

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Clare Shine announced as next Director of the Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership

Nov 23, 2020

23 November 2020 – The University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL) has announced Clare Shine will succeed Dame Polly Courtice as its new Director, effective April 2021.

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Adele Wiliams

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The views expressed in these external research papers are those of the authors and do not represent an official position of CISL, the University of Cambridge, or any of its individual business partners or clients.