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March 2019

Ocean acidification

May 2019: Greenhouse gases reacting with seawater is leading to changes in the ocean’s surface chemistry. This can lead to habitat destruction and biodiversity loss with negative knock-on effects for coastal regions, food security and marine management practices.

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Carbon sequestration mechanism in oceans

May 2019: New evidence suggests that processes known as “particle injection pumps” are responsible for storing and moving a large amounts of carbon in the ocean. Understanding these complex mechanisms offers opportunities for more precise marine management practices and climate change mitigation.

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IPBES Report on biodiversity loss

May 2019: The UN’s Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) reports that more than 1 million animal and plant species are under threat of extinction over the next decades due to human activities. The risk can be reduced by removing or redirecting perverse subsidies, increasing the number of protected areas, and moving away from economic growth as a measure for quality of life.

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Slowing sustainability transition in the fashion industry

May 2019: Improving social and environmental practices of the fashion industry has slowed by a third in 2018 in comparison to previous years, leading to strengthened calls for fashion companies to focus on system wide changes based on collaboration with bargain brands.

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Sustainability of China’s Belt and Road Initiative

May 2019: Public concerns from the head of the IMF about the environmental and debt sustainability of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) are coinciding with new evidence that many BRI projects could pose significant risks for unprotected key biodiversity areas. It suggests that the BRI’s loan governance and environmental planning requires intensive restructuring and rethinking.

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Global economic inequality

May 2019: Evidence suggests that global warming increased global economic inequality by 25% between the world’s richest and poorest countries. Simultaneously, the study suggests that implementing climate change mitigating practices will stimulate economic growth in poorer countries.

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Extreme wind speeds and wave heights

May 2019: Data from the last 33 years suggests that wind speeds and wave heights have increased around the world. It increases the risk of costal erosion, flooding events, and decreases the predictability of ocean movements.

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Covid-19 and creating the future we want

Apr 02, 2020

2 April 2020 – Dame Polly Courtice, Director of the Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL), reflects upon the impact of Covid-19 on business, society, and our collective future.

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Adele Wiliams

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The views expressed in these external research papers are those of the authors and do not represent an official position of CISL, the University of Cambridge, or any of its individual business partners or clients.