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Bee vaccine
January 2019: Scientists developed a vaccine for honeybees and other pollinators. This study is proof of concept that insects can be vaccinated against microbes. The vaccine could support the increase of bee resilience and could protect honeybees from diseases that are currently decimating bee populations.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / January 2019
Sustainability of organic food production
January 2019: A study using the carbon opportunity cost metric shows that organic agriculture has a higher climate footprint than conventional farming methods. The study looks at direct and indirect land-use impacts and recommends not to look at farming methods alone, but at policy changes that favour structural reforms and a holistic approach to farming.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / January 2019
Consumer driven de-growth
March 2020: Consumer driven ‘de-growth’ may incentivise large scale shifts in social values and production or consumption patterns. These shifts could lead to less resource intense and localised production patterns or integrating services into core business such as repair services. If economies were to embrace zero or negative GDP growth, it could potentially offer competitive advantage for businesses that are able to adapt.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2020
Plastic pollution in oceans
August 2020: Approximately 200 million tonnes of plastic waste entered the Atlantic Ocean in 1950-2015. The volume of plastic waste is projected to triple in the next 20 years, increasing the need for more stringent policies to reduce the amount of plastic in use and significantly expand current waste management capacities.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / August 2020
Shifting India’s sugar industry from food to biofuels
August 2020: Shifting the use and production of sugar in India from food to feedstock for biofuels could decrease rising numbers of micronutrient deficiencies in India and incentivise the cultivation of more nutritious crops. It could further reduce pressure on India’s natural resources and support the decarbonisation of India’s transport sector.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / August 2020
Offshore mariculture
February 2019: Offshore mariculture is a viable and emerging alternative to land-based coastal aquaculture. It uses submersible cages in high energy off-shore environments that allow producers to raise large numbers of fish in small spaces such as in the Caribbean. However, off-shore mariculture struggles from insufficient capital investments, regulatory issues, and environmental concerns.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019
EAT-Lancet Commission
February 2019: The EAT-Lancet Commission’s report delivers scientific targets for a healthy, plant-based diet with a low amount of animal-based foods. It promotes investments into smallholder farms and systems that operate in harmony with nature. Further, the report advocates policy changes and an effective governance of ocean and land use.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019
Implications of trade deals for farming and environmental standards in the UK
March 2019: Liberalised food production and farming standards could form a key element for future trade UK-US trade relationships. A deregulated post-Brexit food market could offer consumers food at lower prices but could also negatively affect public health outcomes in the UK.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019
Dynamic ocean management
March 2019: Flexible algorithms based on tracking and ocean-condition data allow researchers to predict fish behaviour in real time. It allows for a greater balance between conservation concerns and economic viability of fisheries in warming oceans.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019
Conflicting priorities in sustainable agriculture
March 2019: Scientific evidence shows that there is very little alignment between objectives for policy makers, farmers, and researchers in sustainable agriculture. Key to aligning diverging interests is exploring the social dimension of sustainable agriculture and increasing collaboration between the groups.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019