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Bee vaccine
January 2019: Scientists developed a vaccine for honeybees and other pollinators. This study is proof of concept that insects can be vaccinated against microbes. The vaccine could support the increase of bee resilience and could protect honeybees from diseases that are currently decimating bee populations.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / January 2019
Economy of Borneo’s rainforest
November 2019: Infrastructure plans for creating a Pan-Borneo Highway are placing the region’s biodiversity at risk. Recent findings suggest that there are greater economic benefits in maintaining biodiversity and supporting emerging bio-economies than in depletion of natural resources.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2019
Impacts of non-food crop production
November 2018: Crops for feedstock and fuel often promote deforestation and land conversion. Governments expand certification schemes to support a sustainable intensification of farming practices.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2018
Decline of invertebrate population
November 2018: A small but growing number of studies show drastic declines in insects such as centipedes and beetles. Declines up to 76 per cent in flying insect populations have knock-on effects such as decreased pollination which jeopardizes food supplies and forest structures.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2018
Changes in distribution of marine species
April 2020: Increasing ocean temperatures may be a significant contributor to latitudinal changes in population distribution, abundance, and seasonality of marine species. Marine species migrating away from the equator towards cooler poleward waters present significant risks to food security for coastal communities and may cause knock-on effects on local marine ecosystems.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / April 2020
Carbon storage in mature forests
April 2020: Mature forests may have limited capacities to absorb extra carbon in the atmosphere due to restricting environmental growth conditions. The results could significantly impact forest carbon accounting methods and severely impact government strategies to achieve carbon neutrality targets.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / April 2020
Shared ecosystem services
April 2020: describes global or interregional ecosystem service flows between countries or regions. Understanding shared ecosystem services and global value flows could support the transition to more sustainable resource management practices and changed production and consumption patterns.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / April 2020
Plastic pollution in oceans
August 2020: Approximately 200 million tonnes of plastic waste entered the Atlantic Ocean in 1950-2015. The volume of plastic waste is projected to triple in the next 20 years, increasing the need for more stringent policies to reduce the amount of plastic in use and significantly expand current waste management capacities.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / August 2020
Offshore mariculture
February 2019: Offshore mariculture is a viable and emerging alternative to land-based coastal aquaculture. It uses submersible cages in high energy off-shore environments that allow producers to raise large numbers of fish in small spaces such as in the Caribbean. However, off-shore mariculture struggles from insufficient capital investments, regulatory issues, and environmental concerns.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019
Desalination facilities alter oceans
February 2019: Desalination facilities extract fresh water from oceans and release effluents back into the sea. They produce 50% more brine than previously thought, increasing the ocean’s salinity and may cause hypoxia, which poisons marine organisms and creates dead zones. Researchers now suggest ‘mining’ the brine’s metals or using it as a feed supplement in aquaculture.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019