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Bee vaccine
January 2019: Scientists developed a vaccine for honeybees and other pollinators. This study is proof of concept that insects can be vaccinated against microbes. The vaccine could support the increase of bee resilience and could protect honeybees from diseases that are currently decimating bee populations.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / January 2019
Economy of Borneo’s rainforest
November 2019: Infrastructure plans for creating a Pan-Borneo Highway are placing the region’s biodiversity at risk. Recent findings suggest that there are greater economic benefits in maintaining biodiversity and supporting emerging bio-economies than in depletion of natural resources.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2019
Impacts of non-food crop production
November 2018: Crops for feedstock and fuel often promote deforestation and land conversion. Governments expand certification schemes to support a sustainable intensification of farming practices.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2018
Decline of invertebrate population
November 2018: A small but growing number of studies show drastic declines in insects such as centipedes and beetles. Declines up to 76 per cent in flying insect populations have knock-on effects such as decreased pollination which jeopardizes food supplies and forest structures.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2018
Offshore mariculture
February 2019: Offshore mariculture is a viable and emerging alternative to land-based coastal aquaculture. It uses submersible cages in high energy off-shore environments that allow producers to raise large numbers of fish in small spaces such as in the Caribbean. However, off-shore mariculture struggles from insufficient capital investments, regulatory issues, and environmental concerns.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019
Desalination facilities alter oceans
February 2019: Desalination facilities extract fresh water from oceans and release effluents back into the sea. They produce 50% more brine than previously thought, increasing the ocean’s salinity and may cause hypoxia, which poisons marine organisms and creates dead zones. Researchers now suggest ‘mining’ the brine’s metals or using it as a feed supplement in aquaculture.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019
Dynamic ocean management
March 2019: Flexible algorithms based on tracking and ocean-condition data allow researchers to predict fish behaviour in real time. It allows for a greater balance between conservation concerns and economic viability of fisheries in warming oceans.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019
Carbon sequestration mechanism in oceans
May 2019: New evidence suggests that processes known as “particle injection pumps” are responsible for storing and moving a large amounts of carbon in the ocean. Understanding these complex mechanisms offers opportunities for more precise marine management practices and climate change mitigation.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019
Slowing sustainability transition in the fashion industry
May 2019: Improving social and environmental practices of the fashion industry has slowed by a third in 2018 in comparison to previous years, leading to strengthened calls for fashion companies to focus on system wide changes based on collaboration with bargain brands.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019
IPBES Report on biodiversity loss
May 2019: The UN’s Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) reports that more than 1 million animal and plant species are under threat of extinction over the next decades due to human activities. The risk can be reduced by removing or redirecting perverse subsidies, increasing the number of protected areas, and moving away from economic growth as a measure for quality of life.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019