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Disease and malnutrition
December 2018: Research identifies malnutrition as the primary factor in the global burden of disease. Policies such as sugar taxes, awareness campaigns, and new data generation technologies offer a large potential to understand people’s eating habits and to design target interventions.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / December 2018
EAT-Lancet Commission
February 2019: The EAT-Lancet Commission’s report delivers scientific targets for a healthy, plant-based diet with a low amount of animal-based foods. It promotes investments into smallholder farms and systems that operate in harmony with nature. Further, the report advocates policy changes and an effective governance of ocean and land use.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019
Humanoids: Robotics in elderly care
April 2019: Advances in material science and Artificial Intelligence now allow for the production of autonomous, soft, lightweight robots. These humanoids could find wide spread future application in elderly care and nursing as many countries face aging populations and staff shortages.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / April 2019
Rising vaccine hesitancy
March 2019: Falling MMR vaccination rates result in rising measles outbreaks, increasing child mortality rates, and a significant cost increase for public health systems. Underlying causes for rising vaccine hesitancy are populism, marginalised communities distrusting elites or experts, and economic inequality in disenfranchised communities.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019
Expansion and intensification of neglected tropical diseases
April 2019: Milder climates in Northern Europe and North America could lead to a global spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as Malaria and Zika. Spreading mosquito populations increase pressure on health care systems and pose high risks for global public health security.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / April 2019
Disposal of PPE
August 2020: Due to the pandemic, the use and disposal of single use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) has risen to unprecedented levels. It poses significant risks to environment and human health and could intensify pollution from plastics. New innovative methods for reusing disposed PPE will be needed in conjunction with increased waste management capacities.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / August 2020
Environmental change as enabler for disease transmission
March 2020: The spread of emerging infectious disease can be amplified by climate change and habitat loss. Environmental change is altering human-wildlife interactions which can accelerate the spread and intensity of disease outbreaks. It is recommended to treat disease outbreaks as symptoms of environmental degradation instead of isolated incidents.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2020
Increased antibiotic stewardship needed
December 2019: An overuse of antibiotics in human health, animal health, and the agricultural sector are contributing to the rise of antimicrobial resistance and superbugs which pose risks to public health. Increased research efforts could lead to a robust evidence base that informs antibiotic stewardship programmes.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / December 2019
Mental Health in Prisons
October 2019: Including horticulture programmes in prison shows a positive effect on prisoner’s mental health. The study highlights that engaging with plants as part of rehabilitation and community service may lower the risk of recidivism and support a successful transition into society.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / October 2019
Palliative care
June 2019: The number of people with need for palliative care will rise by almost 87% by 2060. A global integrative policy framework could help integrate palliative care into public healthcare systems to alleviate economic costs and patient suffering.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / June 2019