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Bee vaccine
January 2019: Scientists developed a vaccine for honeybees and other pollinators. This study is proof of concept that insects can be vaccinated against microbes. The vaccine could support the increase of bee resilience and could protect honeybees from diseases that are currently decimating bee populations.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / January 2019
New wave of nuclear business
January 2019: Rising pressure to reach climate goals incentivises governments to turn towards nuclear energy. In light of storage problems and grid congestions for renewable energies, advanced nuclear technologies are becoming promising alternatives for a decarbonised economy.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / January 2019
Sustainable steel manufacturing
January 2019: Achieving climate change goals will require decarbonising the steel industry, since it is one of the largest CO2 emitters. A shift towards greener but still experimental technologies such as the use of hydrogen as a reductant agent could fully decarbonise the steel industry. However, concerns remain over the economic feasibility of new steel making technologies.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / January 2019
Lignocellulosic in the fashion and textile industry
November 2018: Yarn made of cellulose fibrils from plant-based materials could aid the fashion and textile industry to battle plastic pollution from microfibres.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2018
Carbon dioxide removal: Direct Air CO2 Capture
November 2018: Direct Air Capture technology captures, pressurises, and stores CO2 from the atmosphere. The technology comes under the umbrella of highly controversial geoengineering technologies as endorsed by the IPCC report. It could help to create closed-loop supply chains, reduce CO2 emissions, and produce fuel for trucks and lorries.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / November 2018
Plastic pollution in oceans
August 2020: Approximately 200 million tonnes of plastic waste entered the Atlantic Ocean in 1950-2015. The volume of plastic waste is projected to triple in the next 20 years, increasing the need for more stringent policies to reduce the amount of plastic in use and significantly expand current waste management capacities.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / August 2020
Desalination facilities alter oceans
February 2019: Desalination facilities extract fresh water from oceans and release effluents back into the sea. They produce 50% more brine than previously thought, increasing the ocean’s salinity and may cause hypoxia, which poisons marine organisms and creates dead zones. Researchers now suggest ‘mining’ the brine’s metals or using it as a feed supplement in aquaculture.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / February 2019
Bioconversion of waste into bio-jet fuel
April 2019: Genetically modified bacteria breaking down non-food biomass shows promising results in delivering sustainable plant based jet fuel. This fuel has a higher energy density per volume and could be a price competitive alternative to conventional fuels.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / April 2019
Plantoids: Robotics inspired by plants
March 2019: A new and emerging field of robotics is taking inspiration from plants to build flexible, sustainable, and biodegradable robots. Most prominently, artificial leaves could play a significant role in reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / March 2019
Humanoids: Robotics in elderly care
April 2019: Advances in material science and Artificial Intelligence now allow for the production of autonomous, soft, lightweight robots. These humanoids could find wide spread future application in elderly care and nursing as many countries face aging populations and staff shortages.
Located in Resources / Sustainability Horizons / April 2019